Wednesday, January 8, 2020

INDIA'S NATIONAL WATER PORTAL

The national water portal of India is an interactive web platform that helps users to retrieve useful water related data and information. The major information that are available are basin wise hydrological reports, Groundwater related data ana maps and reports on various river valley projects. This portal has a web GIS facility that help users to generate:
1) Watershed Atlas
2) Administrative Layers
3) Water Resources Projects
4) Thematic Layers
5) Environmental Data

More details on this portal is available at:

Water Governance and water framework in India


Government of India released the water policy and water governance framework. Draft National Water Framework Bill, 2016 states, “Under the Indian Constitution water is primarily a State subject, but it is an increasingly important national concern in the context of: (a) the right to water being a fundamental right; (b) the emergence of a water crisis because of the mounting pressure on finite resources; (c) the inter-use, intra-State and inter-State conflicts that this is leading to, and the need for a national consensus on water-sharing principles, and on the arrangements for minimising conflicts and settling them quickly without resort to adjudication to the extent possible; (d) the threat to this vital resource by the massive generation of waste by various uses of water and the severe pollution and contamination caused by it; (e) the long-term environmental, ecological and social implications of efforts to augment the availability of water for human use; (f) the equity of distribution based on types of use and users, area specific issues, different economic sectors, location of countries or states, i.e. upstream or downstream, that share river water; and particularly to safeguard future generations against water crisis; (g) the international dimension of some of India’s rivers; and (h) the emerging concerns about the impact of climate change on water and the need for appropriate responses at local, national, regional, and global levels.” The salient features of Indian water framework and governance is shown in Table 3.

Table 3 Salient features of water governance in India
Elements
Key features
Management framework
Governance regime
Democracy, federal structure
Participative leadership
Administrative rule
Decentralization
Domination by district and provincial administrations.
Decision-making process
Bottom up in general.
All decisions are made based on aspiration and active participation of stakeholders. In case of large river basins and international basins, decisions are taken by high power committees with representatives from state government and other stakeholders.
Budgetary system
Water users sharing participation
A part of the financial sources comes from water users and the rest from government budget.
Role of water in regional development
Limiting factor
Priority on water balance consideration, especially in water poorer states and regions.
Management responsibility
River basin and regional authority
Equitable distribution of water and prioritisation for domestic consumption.
Role of government in construction of infrastructure
Enabler
Capacity building for strengthening government administration, user community and other stakeholders.
Project setting
Integrated approach
Environmental sustainability interests basis
Project interest
People aspiration
To solve water-related problems in diverse geographical situations. Location specific solutions are invited.
Project preparation
Based on master plan
Approved based on comprehensive study.

India’s water policy is not only guided by a drive to mitigate water crisis but also by integrated water resource management (IWRM) and sustainable development goals of the United Nations. IWRM is a “cross-sectoral policy approach” (Global Water Partnership, 2010) and calls for an ecosystem based approach in water management. 

Sunday, December 3, 2017

Industrial Water Resource Management, Challenges and Opportunities for Corporate Water Stewardship

John Wiley & Sons has recently published my book on Industrial water resource management. This book provides the tools that allow companies to understand the fundamental concepts of water resource management and to take proper action towards sustainable development 
Businesses, communities, and ecosystems everywhere depend on clean freshwater to survive and prosper. When the same source of water is shared for economic, social, and environmental causes it becomes the responsibility of every sector to develop a sustainable water strategy beneficial for all. This book offers a water resource management plan for industries that is directly implementable and consistent with the Water Framework Directives of different countries with a special emphasis on developing countries—a plan that is economically efficient, socially equitable, and environmentally sustainable.
Industrial Water Resource Management, Challenges and Opportunities for Efficient Water Stewardship offers explicit technical and investment solutions, socioeconomic and legal instruments, and recommendations for institutional restructuring. Written by a leading world expert in the field, it covers a wide range of topics including:
●      Source water assessment and protection
●      Water audit, industrial water footprint assessment—an evaluation of tools and methodologies
●      Corporate water disclosure methods and tools
●      Water stewardship by the industries
●      Stakeholder collaboration and engagement
●      New technologies enabling companies to better manage water resources
Given the well-known challenge of managing natural resources in a way that maximizes and sustains social welfare, this book provides an invaluable point of reference for applied researchers and policy makers working in water resources management.
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